Friday, October 16, 2015
On June 15, 1215, King John I of England signed a document known as the Great Charter (Magna Carta in Latin). This document was the product of a civil war that had been raging between John and his nobles. The document contained a number of concessions by John, through which he agreed to limit his power as king in return for the loyalty of his subjects.
Magna Carta is seen as one of the first documents to form the basis of the British constitution—in fact three of its provisions are still in force in Britain today. It is said to have inspired other movements of people against oppressive dictators and imperial powers, such as the American War of Independence and the Zapatista movement in Mexico.